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My TV Show (Tech Trends) airs every Monday on Channels TV

A journey to a 1,000 miles starts with just a single step and so it has been with me and my amazing journey into the world of technology – blogging, online media and now mainstream media.

Here’s the role call:

  • 2009 – Blogging
  • 2010 – Online Marketing & SEO
  • 2011 – FATE Foundation Faculty
  • 2012 – Digital Sense Magazine
  • 2013 – ICT Clinic, Punch Newspapers
  • 2014 – ICT Radio Show on 99.3 Nigeria Info FM
  • 2015 – Tech Trends on Channels Television + Tech with CFA

Tech Trends Small BannerOf course, its been both a challenging and exciting journey. An experience where you have no choice but to trust God because you are unsure of where the next income will come from. If I have learnt nothing from entrepreneurship, I have learnt the importance of having faith in God – the kind of faith that can be described as insane as well as patience. Countless times, I was advised to go get a job by those who were close to me and want the best for me but I said no way, except God appears to me, only then will I give up. Call me stubborn and you will not be far from the truth!

Today, I am so very glad to inform you that Tech Trends will air by 4.30pm every Monday on Channels Television – Nigeria’s most respected television media houses and 9 time winner of best TV station of the year.

I really cannot tell you that I played any special role in making this happen, other than the fact I kept trusting God and working hard to prove to Mr. John Momoh, CEO, Channels Television that I am capable of presenting the show inspite of the fact that I am not a trained broadcaster. Kudos to JM for his trust and confidence in my humble self.

The show was first approved in May 2014 and it took close to 7 months of waiting before it finally hits the airwaves. Of course this is a whole new level of experience and responsibility for me but I put my trust in God who is able to deliver and to save.

Please keep a date with me and the rest of the crew starting Monday, 11th of January, 2015. As usual, if you miss it for any reason, then you can watch the repeat on youtube. Please follow us on social media – Facebook and Twitter.

Thank you for your support all through these years.


Transcript of Channels TV Interview with CFA on Developments in ICT (part 3)

Harriet: Recently the stock exchange also, they became very very ICT conscious, they’ve changed their form of trading to the new one they have extreme-trading and then they now have x-alert you know so many things that so many Government parastatal are beginning to key into boosting their various arms with ICT where do you see that putting us in the next couple of years especially on the technology map.

  • CFA: Well, the fact remains that every sector in the society today need one form of technology or the other to function effectively so the more we adapt to it the more, I mean corruption can be stamped out maybe not very easily but very swiftly with ICT a lot of things that people say is just that if there’s no political will and there’s no lead if we keep at this pace and we do it genuinely then we’ll see a lot of change happening the issue of ghost worker, the issue of corruption the issue of these a lot of things. You know the beauty about ICT is that it leaves a trace so it means that if it’s one of the system and then somebody comes and manipulate the system all you need to do is bring the creator of the system or somebody with a higher skill to find out who at what time did what and it’s done leave all the stories. With ICT a lot can happen. Security I mean I Lagos for example, how can you secure 18 million people without technology? How would you want to do it? If you like put one Policeman in one street how many things can he do? So you need street cameras, a lot of things that you’ll begin to think about that is based on technology so if we keep at this pace, of course there is a brighter Nigeria. But a lot needs to happen in terms of investment, sensitization, I mean for the businesses out there you must understand something. If you are an expert in a particular trade and then you refuse to adapt to the internet. the internet is a no man’s world as it were so if the expert refuses to take his or her position, and a quack takes the position because it’s a make believe world, there’s a possibility that the quack will now be regarded as the expert as long as the quack can play the game but of course when it comes to delivery then the quack might mess up but then on the onset people will begin to go to the quack because why that’s who they can see He’s the one in their face so with the internet as a business owner you have to be in the face of your potential client that’s the fastest way for you to get clients today so we’ve not seen anything yet both in terms of the Government in fact we’ve not seen anything yet if not for the resistance to change a lot more will happen a lot more will still happen.

Harriet: Now you mentioned the social media at the start of this conversation Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and the rest of it. How can a business already trying to promote itself we already have them online and all but how can they use social media to properly really put themselves in the face of consumers?

  • CFA: Well, first things first is that social media gives you an opportunity to position yourself and to sell yourself as an expert or as a business to be, meet or to deal with in that industry. So with social media what you need to think about is the kind of content you pass out that’s the first thing. We are all on social media today because of content. It’s more or less content, content of your friends, of your social circle, content of pictures, photos, that’s really what it’s all about. Of course what you need to do as a small business owner or as a business owner is about content if you look at the big people, the big players in the industry who are pushing out contents, content about their business, the value that they believe they will add to their clients. So for business owners the very first thing to do is contents. Find a way or do your best to generate as much positive content as you can and then push it online and you have to be consistent about it. Now because it’s a very rowdy world you just need to find a way to be unique about it.

Harriet: But then how can they in a bid to carve a niche for themselves in this very rowdy cyber space, how can they make sure that they don’t get side-tracked?

  • CFA: That’s why they need to start with a goal. What is their goal of being on social media, if their goal is to get clients then they stick to their goal, if their goal is to sell their brands then they stick to their goal. It depends on what their goal is, it depends on what their motives and expected outcome is. For some people, for example if a Government institution is on social media they are not there to sell as it were, they are there to increase their brand as an entity or as the overall brand of the Government. So it depends on what the goal is but it’s just a process and the process is that you need to communicate and interact with people. You need to watch out for and that’s what is called online brand reputation. You need to watch out for what is being said about your brand, and then how to tackle it quickly then you need to be very very conscious about what your team especially for multi-nationals and some very big companies. You need to be very careful about what your staff and your team members are saying about your business online because embarrassing things could be leaked out you’ll now start doing damage control and that’s one thing that we must all understand is that there will come a time when damage control will become necessary maybe not your fault, maybe your fault, something just happens that has to do with your brand or your business or your person then there’s need for damage control so you just have to be ready. Jesse Jackson had his account hacked and then nude images were posted, funny images were posted and he came out and issued a press release that it wasn’t him now the truth of the matter is that that is a damage control process the point is that Jesse Jackson’s facebook account released images that are not worthy of his person. So whatever followed is damage control. At every point in time a business must understand that a need for damage control might arise and must be ready

Harriet: What are the other major risks involved in IT applications to business, I know you’ve mentioned some of them already but could you just really let’s really talk about it as you said there’s an advantage and there’s also a disadvantage but sometimes I feel the disadvantages are more.

  • CFA: Well, I think there are disadvantages I’ll be the first to admit, disadvantages of security, disadvantages of a lot of things

Harriet: What of impersonation because you know you have people who hack this accounts so I could probably or not me so somebody could probably hack into your account and pose to be a very big brand name and promise that we can deliver this to you and all the rest for instance because am comfortable buying from that brand so I might not necessarily say let me see the product first before I pay for it I might just go right ahead and pay you know and at the end of the day it’s not the company that I usually do business with that I’ve done business with.

  • CFA: Well, you see the issues you’re raising are the issues you can’t rule out it happens every now and then even the big companies out there experience data breech I mean yahoo with all their security experts every now and then smart guys get to hack into their system and wreak havoc expose people’s passwords so it happens security is the number one challenge everybody has when it comes to the use of technology security. You know I mentioned something about the internet of things and honestly it’s going to affect businesses too it’s not just going to be individuals. Today you have smart offices, you have digital offices, you have offices that everything is controlled you have smart television sets.

Recently, a fridge was used to send spam messages not a laptop, a refrigerator was used to send spam messages because you see everything connected to the internet will have a unique IP and everybody can exploit that so the number one thing as a business to prevent issues is password. What kind of password do you use both on the enterprise or on the individual level you must as a matter of policy ensure that every single member of your team use very secure passwords. Do you know or would you believe that the most common password is the word password worldwide. In 2013 the most common used password is PASSWORD so any smart hacker can because you know

Harriet: It doesn’t take a smart hacker to know that one, it doesn’t I mean anybody can know that the person can probably use password or date of birth or the person’s first name.

  • CFA: And so what you just do is go to facebook, search for the person’s name, if you’re lucky you can get the person’s date of birth and you can just try it out some people use their place of birth. Now this are very simple and that’s why you must be smart when you do this are very simple ways I mean that’s why we talked about ethical hacking I mean ethical hacking is allowed as long as long as you follow the process and you report the steps that you followed.

Harriet: Ok so how can these risks be reduced? Is there any way? Because it seems as if it’s such a huge thing to be playing with and you wonder if the risk can be reduced in anyway.

  • CFA: Ok well, again there’s a foreign tool that I use it’s so sad that it’s a foreign tool it’s called it’s free, it’s both for the individual and the enterprise levels that can be used so it means that within your organization nobody is allowed to write out passwords or to save passwords on an excel sheet. Passwords can be shared encrypted electronically. Passwords really really is the first step when it comes to security, there are other things like the kind of coding those are more technical details. One of the things that make people scared of adapting technology or using the internet is that they heard the issue of oh my friend tried this and my friend’s account was hacked or my friend’s ATM was used so I don’t want to touch ATM but you see those things happened because of carelessness. You give people the lead way so the very first thing you must be conscious of your password and then you must also be conscious about the kind of websites you visit. A lot of website share malware so malware simply drops a malware on your system everything you type, your banking information everything comes to my system and that can happen replicated to about a thousand systems at the same time the same very second just write a code and just send and the code does the work for you so you must be careful about the website you visit because that’s where it starts from the website you visit so the website, it drops on a system, it’s very simple, you have a large network of computers and I am for example the hacker and am somewhere so I get access to one of the computers I just need to find a loophole and I just can have access to every single 1000 of the computers on the network

Harriet: So business is who should they be talking to, to make sure that this loopholes are plugged at least if not totally plugged three quarter of it should be plugged so that they don’t begin to lose their customers’ information and in the process lose your customers’ trust.

  • CFA: That is one big risk about social banking and all the ITT banking that we are all adapting that’s the truth you know. Just imagine what will happen if somebody is able to break in and just create it’s going to be huge. So what they should do is they should today you have, that’s why I told you about ethical hacking. The number of youths involved, getting trained in this is growing. I mean in 2012 Nigerian came 3rd in the worldwide hackers’ competition.

Harriet: There’s actually a competition for hackers?

  • CFA: Yes, there is. And again that’s why there need to be a carefully thought out process. For example, I’m not encouraging this, you get a young guy who is sending scam and then you send him to prison you are not doing the right thing, yes, I mean that’s what they do in the US. Keep this guy, find a way to fix him and find out what is wrong with him. Fix him and take this guy somewhere if it’s the SSS or wherever and let this guy invest because if you take and go and waste him away, you are wasting yourself because guess what, the hackers are even more smarter, they are more daring, they don’t sleep night and day and their goal is where is the next havoc that we can wreck. Power plants can be taken electronically, cars can be taken electronically, a lot can happen electronically so we just need to have a cyber-security mindset that is positive we must be ready for it, I mean today most of the cars are becoming more electronic so it means that I can actually find a way to find the code of a car and then do some stuff and then begin to control where the car is going to that’s a possibility you know, a lot can happen but again as a nation all we need to do is just sit up and then say a lot of our people are moving this way how can we ensure that this mass of people are protected that’s very critical otherwise it just takes a group of I mean there’s a group called the serian cyber-army. I mean they are wreaking havoc I mean twitter, facebook, they hack accounts any time they want just to get back at whoever they want to get back to we must understand that it is our onus as a people and as a Government to enjoy technology but understand the risk and find a way to ameliorate the risk cause the risk are there, we can’t rule that out.

Harriet: Well, thank you so much Fred for joining us on the program this morning it’s been an insightful and enlightening conversation thank you so much.

  • CFA: Thank you so much.

Harriet: Well I’ve been speaking with an ICT social media expert Fred Apata and we’ve been looking at leveraging on ICT to improve business development and as I said the conversation has been quite enlightening. I’ll like to thank Chinelo for sending in her tweet but we are unable to read it owing to time constraints but hopefully we’ll read the next one that she’s sending. Well. That’s the program for today, the last one for the week. Thank you so much for watching. I’m Harriet Agbeni.

Click to Read part 1 and part 2 of CFA’s Interview on Channels TV.

Thank you for reading the transcript of the Interview or Watching the video. I hope you found it useful? Please share. God bless!!!


Transcript of Channels TV Interview with CFA on Developments in ICT (part 2)

The transcript of CFA’s interview on Channels TV Business Morning show is in 3 parts. Click here to read the part 1 of the interview.

Harriet: Let’s quantify this in terms of how much this contributes to the economy. How much money do they make, can it be quantified to what a traditional business owner will make for instance?

  • CFA: Well, not all at the moment. I know that the e-commerce chops combined they’ve attracted an investment of close to $200 million, the e-commerce shop combined, the major ones, they’ve done that and I know that the guys called IROKO, I think the last one they raised is about $6 million. It’s growing, a lot of seed capital is growing. A South African company “88mp” just launched and they are giving seed capitals of between $10,000 – $100,000. We must understand that it has to happen in phases. The phase where we are now are the phase where ideas have to be incubated, some of the ideas have to be accelerated and made commercial, so we should not expect to begin to see the commercial gains immediately as a nation, that is the truth. If you look at the history of the way silicon-valley, that’s the same way it started, it started with a group of people fiddling with ideas, fiddling with ideas. I mean, I heard live from the man Steve Wozniak how for 10 years they were struggling, I mean they were struggling, they were struggling until the break came. He talked about the struggling period. The traditional businesses yes are still ahead but I can tell you the e-commerce shops are doing some wonders. They are doing some crazy figures, crazy figures that you will not even imagine. My friend who launched a small, very young e-commerce shop not like the big guys, what we know He’s making about a million monthly

Harriet: Dollars or Naira

  • CFA: Naira, But when I say small I mean small, I mean He just started it small no big name, I mean the other guys have foreign backers and partners but he’s strictly local 100% local and he’s making about a million so he’s not doing badly but again if he tells you what has gone into it, it’s quite huge. Take for example, a South African firm investing $10 million in a start-up firm. The first thing he wants to do is to get the right programmers. So what does he do, he’s willing to pay what the average guys here cannot pay. He goes there and he poaches the good programmers so what you are left with are guys who are growing. What do you do? They are given new access, the younger player need to start training your own programmer it’s going to cost money so everything is going to take a process. We need the right skill, we need to grow the skill, that’s why Government is key. They have to start from the schools. I went to a University in Nigeria unfortunately, I was trained to get a job that was the outlook cause there was nothing like training me to become an Entrepreneur so we need to change people’s mindset, job creation. Now the thing about ICT is that ICT in as much as it will create jobs it will cause some certain jobs to be redundant and become useless more or less. So, if somebody wants to be this kind of professional, you must look at 5 – 10years now, will this profession be relevant? Will it be something ICT will not make redundant? Many years ago there used to be this people they used to call people who write short-hand I remember those people those days they were very good people and very proud of their profession back in the day but today I mean who…. So, that’s one of the things about technology and many more will happen.

Harriet: Ok, So let me just ask Fred, most of these businesses who are online they need funds. You’ve mentioned that a couple of partners either foreign or domestic actually give funds for such companies to start and then the traditional business owner seems to always get more funds than the companies who go online

  • CFA: Well, again it’s a structure now let me say this actually at the moment now, You have more foreign venture capitalists than local. So, actually the people controlling and investing in this space is more foreign. So there’s a possibility of another round of colonialism online. Yes I mean if the big players are all foreign it’s good for the profit I mean the money when they make the profit it’s repatriated that’s the fact. So our business gurus and business owners should begin to think about how to invest in the tech space because the tech space they don’t believe in, the foreigners believe in it and they are pouring in money by the seconds

Harriet: That’s where people like you come in, people like you should begin to champion this cause to begin to make people understand that look your money is safe. This is a very good venture to come into, this is the profit at the end of the day, this is what you stand to gain and this is what you stand to lose.

  • CFA: You are very correct and it’s part of the things that we are doing. I for example I’ll be starting a hub very soon just like what the CChub guys are doing. Somewhere where young people can come also, sit down train and then we find a way to get money for them. Because you see again it has to do with the trust thing. How can this people trust that their money is safe with these young kids. So there has to be a structure. Just the way silicon-valley wasn’t wishful thinking, it was a carefully planned, thought-out and implemented process that took place over the years so that’s the same way it has to happen here. We must also give people the outsiders who are not techies or who are not in the technology space the confidence that when you invest here it is safe. But then like the venture capitalist the way it is it’s a game of chance actually there are more businesses that die around the silicon-valley area than the ones that succeed much more about 90% die so there are great ideas, you know why they don’t feel it, because at every point in time they have about 5,000 – 10,000 ideas in incubation. If Steve Wozniak can be telling us that he’s even marvelled, this guy was the brain behind everything engineering in apple and he was saying that he was marvelled at the level of what is happening in the technology space. So it simply tells you that we are at an amazing speed and there’s a new concept called the internet of things where everything is said to be connected to everything. There’s a researcher in Hong-Kong that is trying to work on ladies’ eye lashes that will be electronic, finger nails that’ll be electronic all sort and everything will be connected to the internet

Harriet: Fred I don’t think a lot of people, well maybe a lot of people will buy into that idea but let’s leave that one for a minute. Let’s talk about, a lot of banks this days in the financial circle you see a lot of them coming on the internet to try to promote their business sell products and a lot of it and a lot of people are keying into it or a lot of people keyed into it that’s another thing. So in terms of financial transactions online banking and other forms of financial transactions. How much of that has been successful in the last couple of years?

  • CFA: It’s been huge. The number of transactions that go on online these days is huge. I think I read over last week where NIBSS released a report I think almost 200 Billion for January and February or there about worth of transaction so it also tells us that it’s increasing it keeps growing and more people have access to ATM banks are beginning to adapt what is called social banking where with your Facebook account only you can start up a regular account. So it’s increasing the number of ATMs have grown banks now have what you call the e-channels, the e-banks or e-channel banks where it’s just strictly ATMs so it’s growing by the day and by the second but again it brings up an issue, that’s the issue of security. One of the things I always say and I’ll keep reiterating that Nigeria needs to begin to raise cyber-warriors that will defend us. Because the wars of the future will be fought through the cyber-war but let’s leave that aside. What am trying to say is that a friend of mine actually used a bank as a case study, the guy hacked into the banking system and added about 3,4,5,6 figures and about 2 Billion showed up in his account

Harriet: And nobody was able to detect that?

  • CFA: Nobody, until he now told them that this is what he did

Harriet: So that means we even have issues of cyber-space insecurity?

  • CFA: We don’t even have a strategy for that, I mean there’s no strategy to defend anything cyber. Yes, our cyber space is very very porous most of the data except for a few companies that just recently launched like computer warehouse that recently launched local data center most of our data are styled abroad and if you’re hearing about what’s happening with Switz so it means that the guy in NSCA can sit back in the US and he knows what’s going on here. There’s nothing, no National secret, it’s not there so cyber threat is a big issue a lot of banks have very porous sites, very porous infrastructure that people can actually hack into that again is part of the process. The way technology works is that when you come up with something, with an invention with a software overtime there will be need for patches and that’s why you see Microsoft and co they release patches every now and then because there are a group of people, you know there’s something called ethical hacking, Ethical hacking means you are licensed to hack but it is ethical so it means that you can hack and then report that you have hacked this is the process that you used to hack it

Harriet: Hacking in anyway, in any manner in any form or in any language you want to call it is still a criminal offence

  • CFA: No it’s not, there’s ethical hacking, its legal worldwide. There’s ethical hacking.

Click to Read part 1 and part 3 of CFA’s Interview on Channels TV.

Channels Television

Read Channels Television Interview with Chukwukemeka Fred Agbata Jnr. (CFA) on the Internet

In this special Channels Televison, sunrise classic team of Kayode Akintemi and Olusola Toyin Momoh interviews Chukwuemeka Fred Agbata Jnr. (CFA) – Nigeria’s leading digital media consultant on Cyber Crime and the Nigerian Economy.

Kayode Akintemi is General Manager Operations at Channels Television, responsible for the core broadcast operations of the station. He is an award-winning broadcast journalist who has helped positioned Channels Television as Nigeria’s foremost broadcast station.

Olusola Toyin Momoh is Executive Director and Co-founder of Channels Television, a seasoned Broadcaster with over 20 years of experience in Television Journalism.

Click here to watch with lower bandwidth internet or mobile.

Channels Television
Channels Television

Kayode Akintemi: When we look at our economy today, before we even talk about cyber crime, let’s look at the opportunities that abound on the Internet, that we seem to lose or miss out on but a handful of people are making good. The opportunities that are there for us on the internet as a nation, are we tapping into it the correct way?

CFA: Alright thank you, I would say no, not yet. The opportunities on the internet are so vast. This is what I do on a daily basis, and I can see that it has a huge opportunity. There is a website called Internet statistics Website, if you visit that website Nigeria has the tenth largest internet users population, according to the website there are 48 million internet users generally, based on that particular website.

Olusola Toyin Momoh: Tenth is not bad, is it? Considering no power, Internet access, the price we pay to access the internet which is still very expensive, compared to the rest of the world.

CFA: It’s not bad, it’s a very good figure, and it’s a very good number. With no power, all the challenges… cuts in…. highly expensive, so tenth is a very good figure, its show a lot of potential.

I was speaking to a company that came to Nigeria to launch an eCommerce website and I asked the young man, I said with all the negativity we hear about Nigeria, why you are coming in and what gives you the confidence?

And the guy looked at me with this smile, this look on his face, You guys don’t know the opportunity you have, the opportunities are so huge and he said this is just the beginning that from his research. He brought out his laptop and he showed me some quality research.

He said form his research Nigeria’s mobile population is going to grow higher. I mean if you look at the about 48 million users, using this figure as an example, it is still less than 30% of the total population thereabout, so the opportunities are there. Part of what I do as a trainer and consultant, I encourage businesses because the cost of doing businesses is on the rise. So what you need to do, you need to look at ways technology can help you to cut down on the cost.

So the opportunities are there and are we maximizing them as a nation, I would say NO! For example, the eCommerce boom that we are experiencing now, while we have Nigerians on the internet that own various eCommerce websites, they are not making the most of it. If you go to some sites (we were just discussing while waiting here in Channels Television) there is a particular eCommerce site, I am not going to mention the name but everywhere you see them online – these are owned by South Africans even though they have Nigerians on board, the truth of the matter is that, it has a South African origin and they are here and every moment, they are doing all sorts of adverts and probably they are not making the money now as there are lot of challenges distribution challenges, payment challenges, a lot of challenges but you know the innovation they came up with, pay on delivery, that was a good innovation. So don’t worry just shop, we will bring to your doorstep then you pay us, it has its own risk but that’s what they are doing.

Olusola Toyin Momoh: We are going to have more internet access and that will mean more cyber crime, now tell us what kind of cyber crimes, should I say are available? What kind of cyber crimes do people carry out?

CFA: Alright thanks. I will say this very straight up people should understand that the internet is as important as for instance your passport. The internet we call it the online real estate. It is so important that you have to take care of it so it means that your passwords, your credit cards, your credit information, your account information etc. These are things you have to take care of, you have to keep them very sacred.

So, based on my experience as a trainer and a consultant I usually tell people something simple as your password because virtually every website will require that you enter your password, so I start by asking why do you like using very simple passwords? i.e. 1920fred or fred1980 – you know with the date of birth, you don’t understand that the people who are perpetuating cyber-crimes are very smart people, unfortunately they are extremely smart. So they could just pick up your Facebook, twitter, maybe gmail or yahoo, they can guess and make some very good guesses. It starts with the password, you have to use very secure passwords across the internet and you have to ensure that you don’t repeat the same passwords on two sites. Each site should have very a unique password. And it should be alphabet numeric.

Olusola Toyin Momoh: How should we remember that?

CFA: Before I answer that, your password should be alpha-numeric – that means it should contains letters, numbers and symbols, so as to make it difficult. Now there are a lot of tools to do that. We were just talking about cloud computing, cloud technology how its growing, so if you ask me I use a free tool called lastpass (, it is a free tool.

Personally, I have over a thousand accounts and they all have alpha-numeric passwords, so there is no way on earth I can remember all of them. They are all unique but I manage them with Lastpass, so I just need to remember one master password which I change frequently but also everybody who owns a account on the internet should at least try to change your account password once in a month or once in two weeks but minimum once in a month should be fine because for instance if a group of hackers hack into say Facebook for instance they can get access or hold of whole line of passwords they can use to access accounts. So, if you don’t do that regularly you can fall victim and it cuts across.

For instance, let me give you an example of a cyber-crime I experienced personally my website was hacked and the guys inserted some codes on my website so if you visit my website it’ll automatically download those codes on your system and then it starts stealing your secret information, your account information, your credit card information, your date of birth, your pictures and the funny thing about the kind of cyber-crime that is going on now, it’s so smart and powerful that it can take hold of your PC even while working. I mean your computer is booting, you can see your computer booting but behind it is a guy working on it. Honestly you are there, you’re seeing it, you might even be doing some work but the guy is also doing some work at the same time accessing every single information you have on your system.

Therefore, part of what people need to do is you need to start looking at having software such as lock my pc, on your system so that you can erase your data remotely if you have to, on your phone or your tablets and on your PCs. This is must for everybody who has got gadgets today. Because when you lose your phone immediately, somebody can get into your phone and the person can wreak havoc with your data on it.

There is a guy somewhere an editor and his actual account was hacked before the guy knew what was happening, the guy deleted every single information he had on the internet, from his Facebook to his yahoo, he deleted everything and guess what he wrote him personal email and told him if he doesn’t speak, he is going to tell him how he did it. And the guy agreed that he wouldn’t report him to the police in US and he told him everything step by step how he performed the hack – brilliant hack, very brilliant.

Olusola Toyin Momoh: When a cybercrime is committed, we probably go to EFCC or police, do you think that our securities themselves are adequately informed and trained for these crimes which we expect them to investigate and solve for us?

CFA: NO! There are no 2 ways about it because if you want to pin somebody down who is into cyber-crime, you got to know exactly what he’s doing, you’ve got to have an idea of what’s he’s doing, So I would say no and I will give you typical example one of mentor and clients – I consult for him, Mazi Sam Ohuabunwa, he had his yahoo account hacked some time ago and the person who hacked the account, first of all deleted all his private questions, changed everything, so there was no way he could claim ownership of that account any longer, so the account was lost. And the guy(hacker) just like you mentioned earlier, he started sending everybody emails that Mazi was in trouble and because people know him, a lot of them were almost responding until he got to know.

In that case the people who performed that act were certainly close by, I think he made effort, he called yahoo but nothing happened. What it simply means, is that the people who are supposed to enforce these laws need training, if they even have to learn the principles of hacking so be it because you can’t catch a criminal if you don’t understand what he is doing. And the hackers are most times gentle people with normal faces, very cool guys, cool ladies very cool people and they do these things. So for our security agencies to be able to tackle this, they’ve got to get some bit of training, that will help them understand how it works. Because the truth on the matter is that it works like the speed of light I mean very fast. We are sitting down here and before we know what’s happening the guy is in your account imagine if it is a politician, so they are going through your account and they mess up everything and just imagine the Facebook account of a prominent politician reads something strange – how do you explain it wasn’t me? I mean it’s difficult, by then the deed is done.

This cuts across everybody, government and just like Wande mentioned the internet is going to cause a very massive revolution in this country. I tell people everywhere, whether we are accepted it or not, whether we are like it or not, whether we believe in it or not, it is happening – our children, our families, our fathers, everybody is going on the internet and there has to be regulation. It is very important! Again for instance apart from the home security that is in charge, the FCC in the US is also doing a lot. For instance you can’t send someone emails if I did not request for it. The FCC will fine you for that if I report you to them. Every email provider for example has what is called the FCC Spam act, you have to send emails to only those people who accept to receive that emai;s. They came up with the idea because they understand that one of the ways to perpetuate cyber-crime is emails. Send an email.

Olusola Toyin Momoh: So how come spam is around so much?

CFA: Yes well that shows you that is cyber crime. The email providers are spending billions of dollars to fight spam. And it keeps coming up because all you need to do is sit down with a blaster (I mean there are different names for it) and the blaster can send one million emails in a second. I mean how are you going to do that? And the guy can sit down there and can send hundred million emails in a day or two and they are all owned by people.

So part of what you should do as somebody and I tell people never click on any link with your email address, never except your hundred percent sure. If you’re not sure don’t click. Copy and paste on your browser, that is much better. Because the purpose of clicking is that it drops in the code, or malware or spyware into your system. These are the some basic security measures you should take as user, whether you’re a politician, a banker whether you’re a journalist  – it cuts across everybody

You have an image to protect online and it’s your duty to start protecting it now.

Kayode Akintemi: Final words

CFA: Based on my role as a media consultant; I am going to talk about parents and social media. I think what parents should do in terms of security is that parents should start understanding what their are children do on the internet and one of the things they can do, is that they should know about their children’s friends online, they should try as much as possible because that’s the next area where we are going to the cyber-crime. A lot of children (God forbid) are going to get molested, lot of things are going to happen via social media so I think I should encourage and advice parents to be more conscious of who their children interact with on social media and what they do on social media. Because most parents are not understanding as it where, kids don’t add their parents as friends so parents must understand, that times have changed you can’t bring your 1940 strategy into 2012, it can’t work – this is jet internet age! It has come to stay so parents please understand what your children do online and try to understand it because you can’t stop them.

I have been to trainings and meetings where parents ask me? What can we do our children are always holding phones or on Facebook. I say parents there is nothing you can do, it has come to stay. So what you can do now as a parent is to understand what your children do on social media and try to be there friends.

Kayode Akintemi: Thank you very much CFA.

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